My research addresses processes that lead to the development of transactive memory systems in groups. Transactive memory systems can be understood as the knowledge team members have about the knowledge of other team members and the interaction and communication (transactive processes) that allow them to learn and apply this knowledge. Transactive memory systems are particularly important for teams working in organizations due to division of labor that leads to cognitive interdependence. This requires integration of disparate and potentially dispersed expertise.I have developed two instruments that allow research on transactive memory systems in teams. One measure is a self-report scale consisting of 20 items addressing the subdimensions integration, differentiation, metaknowledge, transactivity, and cognitive interdependence. The second measure is an observational process-coding system consisting of 12 coding categories. Both measures are available in multiple languages thus allowing cross-cultural research. The current focus is cognitive processes that allow team members to disclose and acquire knowledge as well as social processes that allow them to retrieve knowledge from, and allocate knowledge to, others. These processes have yet to be studied longitudinally in teams.
"If people want successful relationships, why do some still end up with partners who are damaging to relationships?"
My research focuses on uncovering the processes that lead people to experience similar thoughts and emotions across different relationships. The framework of adult attachment theory, coupled with social-cognitive paradigms, has been especially useful in guiding my research. I also use principles from evolutionary psychology to examine how relational decisions and behaviors might be adaptive. A substantial portion of my current research centers on people’s level of self-awareness in relationship initiation processes, as well as how people portray themselves in new dating contexts as a function of their attachment style. Finally, the diversity that exists at Queens College has led my research team to develop research projects that address the role of culture and acculturation in people’s emotional and attachment experiences.
"Does the law make accurate assumptions about human behavior"
Margaret Bull Kovera received her PhD in social psychology from the University of Minnesota. For over fifteen years, she has had continuous funding (over $1.7 million) from the National Science Foundation for her research applying social psychology to the investigation of legal issues such as eyewitness identification, jury decision-making, and scientific evidence. She is a Past-President of the American Psychology-Law Society (APLS) and the current Editor-in-Chief of Law and Human Behavior, the premier outlet for scholarship in psychology and law. She received the Saleem Shah Award for Early Career Achievement in Psychology and Law and the APLS Outstanding Teacher and Mentor in Psychology and Law Award. She is a Fellow of APS, APA, APLS, the Society for Experimental Social Psychology, and the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues. She regularly serves as a consultant on jury selection and change of venue motions and as an expert witness in cases involving eyewitness identification.
Office: John Jay College, New Building, Rm: 369
E: firstname.lastname@example.org Ph: (212) 484-1112
"Do emotions like disgust, fear and sadness have distinctive effects on processes like moral judgment, episodic memory, and bodily physiology?
When we talk about our emotions in everyday life, we use words like happy and sad, angry and afraid. In other words, our subjective experience of emotion seems to consist of a set of relatively distinct categories. Although this lay understanding of emotion is compelling, it has been fiercely debated by emotion researchers from the inception of the field until the present day. In particular, categorical models of emotion have been challenged by the notion that simpler dimensions—such as valence and arousal—more accurately describe the true structure of emotion. Hanah Chapman’s research addresses this central debate in affective psychology: how best to cut emotion at its joints. Much of her work uses disgust as the “butcher’s knife” to test competing predictions from categorical and dimensional models of emotions. Specifically, she is interested in whether disgust has distinctive effects on moral judgment; how disgust affects cognitive processes such as attention and memory; and whether disgust has a unique expressive, bodily and neural signature. A new, more applied line of research seeks to understand how people can regulate maladaptive feelings of disgust.
"Why do people with better relationships live longer, healthier lives?"
Cheryl Carmichael joined the Brooklyn College faculty as a lecturer in 2011, and as an Assistant Professor in 2012. She completed her PhD in Social Psychology at the University of Rochester, and studies close relationships, health, and the social regulation of affect. Cheryl’s research aims to better understand the ways in which social interactions between close relationship partners impact health and well-being. She examines how particular relationship processes (such as sharing positive news, and providing social support), and the affective experiences occurring as a result of those processes, impact short- and long-term physical health and emotional adjustment. These processes are examined in the lab, and in the natural ebb and flow of daily life.
"Why do good people sometimes do nothing in the face of injustice?"
Dr. Glasford’s lab investigates injustice decision-making, intergroup relations, and collective action. Much of the work in his applied behavioral science lab examines questions aimed at understanding how people make decisions about whether or how to respond to injustice befalling others, how to improve relations between groups of differing power, and understanding the psychology of when and why people engage in collective action to resist a subordinated position. Within his work on intergroup relations, and more broadly diversity, Demis’s research focuses the perspective of racial, ethnic, and religious (e.g., Muslim) minority group members. In his research, Dr. Glasford seeks to not only advance theory, but design studies that produce results that can be systematically translated to applied-science ends points.
"How can stigma impact health behaviors?"
Dr. Golub’s laboratory investigates social, cognitive, and emotional factors that influence health, with special emphasis on the formation and maintenance of individual identity. Sarit’s work applies social cognitive theories such as stereotype threat, anticipated stigma, cognitive disengagement, and self-discrepancy to the study of health behavior, with a focus on sexual risk-taking. In addition, her research integrates theories across disciplines – including neuropsychology, behavioral economics, and decision-sciences – to understand risk perception and motivation. Current projects include: a) NIH-funded research on implementation of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) programs in NYC; b) integrating neuropsychological and social/behavioral approaches to understanding risk perception and behavior; and c) investigating the ways in which internal conflict (e.g. between competing desires, between personal values and perceived social norms) impacts risk-taking. Dr. Golub collaborates with community-based organizations throughout NYC to ensure the translation of study findings into prevention and care for vulnerable populations.
"How can we reduce gender and race gaps in achievement?"
Dr. Good received a master’s degree in mathematics from the University of Kansas in 1994 and an Ad Hoc Interdisciplinary Ph.D. in mathematics education and social psychology from The University of Texas at Austin in 2001. While a postdoctoral research fellow at Columbia University from 2001-2005 she developed a research program that focuses on the social forces that shape academic achievement, learning, motivation, and self-image, particularly for females in STEM disciplines. In particular, she studies the effects of stereotype threat and develops interventions to help students overcome its effects. Specifically, she focuses on increasing students’ sense of belonging to STEM disciplines and fostering incremental views of intelligence as methods of combating the cultural stereotypes.
Curtis Hardin was appointed professor, Department of Psychology, in 2010. He had served as associate professor since 2005 and was visiting professor in 2004. Prior to his arrival at Brooklyn College, Hardin was assistant professor, Department of Psychology, UCLA (1995-2004); postdoctoral research fellow, Department of Psychology, Columbia University (1994-95); and instructor, Department of Psychology, California State University, Fullerton (1988).
Office: Brooklyn College, James Hall Rm: 5113c
E: email@example.com Ph: 718.951.5000 x6018
"How do social, cultural, and historical contexts influence gender and sexuality?"
Dr. Hill is an applied social psychologist who studies the influence of social, cultural, and historical context on gender and sexuality. He's known for the "Genderism and Transphobia Scale" a questionnaire that has been used in over a hundred studies of anti-trans prejudice. He's currently working on experimental quantitative studies of anti-trans prejudice. He's also known for his oral history approach to psychology: he's published an oral history of Toronto's trans community, and has several oral and life history projects under way, including a study of New York's neo-burlesque performers, life stories of crossdressers in the 1980s, residents in a college dorm, and an intersectional analyses of residents of the Willowbrook State School. He has also published on the theory/practice problem in social psychology.
Offive: College of Staten Island, Building 4S Rm: 112 E: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone : 718.982.3758
"Why and when do jurors discriminate against criminal defendants whose ethnicity or race is different from theirs?"
Mike Leippe studies social influence and attitudes in several forms, including persuasion and self-justification (cognitive dissonance) processes involved in changes in attitudes, self-concept, and prejudice. In psychology-and-law, he is interested in social influences on eyewitness memory and confidence, and in motivational and cognitive factors in jurors’ processing of trial information. Among his current research endeavors, Professor Leippe is studying how motivational and cognitive biases associated with social and self-identity, values, and implicit and explicit prejudice affect juror decisions. Prior to coming to CUNY, Professor Leippe held faculty positions at St. Norbert College, Adelphi University, Saint Louis University, and Illinois State University, serving as department chair at the latter two institutions. He has received funding from the National Science Foundation, is co-author with Phil Zimbardo of The Psychology of Attitude Change and Social Influence, and is a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and the Society of Experimental Social Psychology.
Office: John Jay College, New Building Rm: 10.65.21
E: email@example.com Ph: (646) 557-4626
"Why do people make certain judgments about minorities without being aware of the nature of those judgments?"
Dr. Park has been interested in several research areas in social psychology. Among others, he has conducted a program of research on (a) stereotyping and prejudice, (b) jury decision-making, and (c) cultural psychology. More specifically, Dr. Park has been interested in investigating the mental process and representations that affect social judgment and behavior, with a focus on the implicit and unconscious ways in which social category information influences human judgment and behavior. He has also conducted research on cognitive, affective, and motivational factors that might affect jurors’ legal decision making in courtroom. Recently, he has worked on the new jury system in South Korea. Dr. Park has published a book in Korea in 2010, entitled, “Jury system and Legal Psychology.” Lastly, he is interested in exploring the impact that culture can have on shaping the self and characterizing its behavior.
Office: Baruch College, Vertical Campus, Rm: 8-223
E: Jaihyun.firstname.lastname@example.org Ph: (646) 312-3806
"Why are certain behaviors so difficult to change?"
Dr. Parsons is Distinguished Professor of Psychology and Public Health at Hunter College and the Graduate Center and the Director of the Center for HIV/AIDS Educational Studies and Training (CHEST). He has served as the Principal Investigator on numerous research grants with NIH and CDC, particularly focused on the development and evaluation of behavioral interventions. His work has shed important light on health behaviors, including HIV prevention, HIV medication adherence, sexual behavior, and substance abuse; as well as GLBT issues. His current research focuses on GLBT health, gay male couples, sexual risk behaviors, drug/alcohol use, sexual compulsivity, HIV medication adherence, and he has recently begun research on gay parenting. He is an expert in the use of motivational interviewing as a strategy of HIV/AIDS-related behavior change. Dr. Parsons is the Editor ofSexuality Research and Social Policy, and an Associate Editor of Archives of Sexual Behavior and AIDS and Behavior.
Tracey A. Revenson is Professor of Psychology and Deputy Executive Officer of the Doctoral Program in Psychology. Trained as one of the first generation of health psychologists, she brings a social-ecological perspective to the study of how stress and coping processes affect psychological adjustment to chronic physical illness. She completed an NIH postdoc in Social Ecology after receiving a Ph.D. in Community Psychology from NYU and a B.A. from Yale (theatre and psychology). She is well known for her research on stress and coping processes among individuals, couples, and families facing rheumatic disease and cancer. Her recent work examines how partner support both helps and hinders adjustment to illness and how brief psychosocial interventions may enhance quality of life. Professor Revenson is the co-author or co-editor of nine volumes, including The Handbook of Health Psychology (2012) and Couples Coping with Stress (2005). She serves as Associate Editor of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine and on the editorial board of Health Psychology. She was elected President of the Division of Health Psychology of APA in 2005.
"Why are we the way we are?"
Margaret Rosario’s research reflects her deep commitment to understanding both personal and social identity development and its consequences for the health and adaptation of individuals who confront chronic challenges related to identity development. Her recent research has primarily centered on lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth because the unfolding of same-sex sexuality during adolescence and emerging adulthood is an experience for which most youth are unprepared, involves coping with experiences associated with society’s stigmatization of homosexuality, and has serious implications for health and adaptation. The relations between sexual identity development and both health and adaptation are of critical interest, as are the mediators and moderators of those relations. In addition, Professor Rosario is interested in the origins or determinants of identity.
"Why do rejected people act in ways that thwart rather than replenish interpersonal connections?"
Kristin Sommer is Professor of Psychology at Baruch College, CUNY. She also holds appointments on the doctoral faculties in Basic and Applied Social Psychology and Industrial/Organizational Psychology at the Graduate Center. Dr. Sommer’s research interests lie with the effects of peer and coworker rejection on performance motivation and interpersonal behavior. She also conducts research on self-regulation and social influence. Dr. Sommer teaches undergraduate and doctoral courses in research methods and social psychology, and a course on research design in work organizations as part of Baruch College’s Executive Master’s Program in Management of Human Resource and Global Leadership in Taipei and Singapore. She has received numerous internal awards as well as research and training grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Science Foundation. She sits on the editorial board of Social Influence and is a former Associate Editor at Basic and Applied Social Psychology.
"Why do emotions sometimes improve thinking and remembering, and sometimes interfere with thinking and remembering?"
Justin earned his Ph.D. in social psychology at the University of Virginia, and did his postdoctoral training in EEG. His research focuses on the interactions of emotion and cognitive control and how those interactions influence metabolic expenditures and high-level cognition. In addition, he also examines how emotion influences perception, learning, and memory and false memories.
"Why do women receive fewer national awards and prizes than men?"
Virginia Valian investigates why men and women have different career trajectories. For example, a recent conference in psychology of language had nine invited speakers, all of whom were men. Why does that happen? Virginia uses the notions of gender schemas and cognitive heuristics to explain why people choose men over women for awards and for political office.
What psychological factors impact the development of interracial friendships?
My primary area of research explores the experiences of being the target of stereotyping and prejudice. Much of this research investigates how targets determine when they will be negatively stereotyped and how they then cope with that experience. My other area of research investigates how people perceive and interact with multiracial individuals. This research focuses on the differing ways that Whites and ethnic minorities perceive and interact with multiracial individuals.
How do social motives shape how we remember people and identify emotional expressions?
My research focuses on how attention, cognition, and memory are shaped by contextual and motivational factors. My research on face recognition investigates how social cognition and motivation compel perceivers to carefully attend to and remember certain individuals (e.g., ingroup members) or disregard and poorly encode others (e.g., outgroup members). A related line of research on emotional expressions focuses on how social contexts and perceiver motives influence expression decoding accuracy. Finally, my research explores how social relationships influence social cognition and motivation more broadly, including how we perceive the important people in our lives and how losing social connections tunes our attention to social information that may facilitate forging new relationships.